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Dr. Vivinia B. Daug

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Dr. Vivinia B. Daug


A. Main Objective:

         To find if there is a relationship between the attitudes and skills in the Filipino subject of Non-Tagalog students in the tertiary level.

B. Specific Objectives:

1. To know the attitudes of the students in the use of Filipino language.

2. To find out if there is a significant difference in the skills in Filipino among Butuannon, Cebuano, Kamayo, Manobo and Surigaonon students.


         Descriptive Correlation was used in this study. This was used to know the relationship between the attitudes and skills in the Filipino subject of Non-Tagalog students.


         An Inventory of Attitudes in Filipino was adopted based on a Questionnaire used by Marilou Lim (1996) a researcher with similar study. Based on the particular study of this researcher, some statements were deleted, altered, added and validated by the Filipino Professor and a set of first year students who were not included in the study. The revised inventory consisted of 17 statements that were reacted upon by the students involved in the study by placing a check on the corresponding degree or value of their positive and negative feelings.

        The following scoring was followed: 4 – strongly agree, 3 – agree, 2 – slightly disagree and 1 – disagree.

        After the students gave their corresponding answers, the data from the inventory of attitudes were compared with the final Rating of Filipino I of the students.


        One hundred three (103) Cebuano, three (3) Butuanon, (12) Kamayo, Four (4) Surigaonon First Year Students of Philippine Normal University , Agusan Campus, Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur, School Year 2002-2003 were involved in the study.


         The Inventory of Attitudes was answered by the students. Each answer was recorded and classified according to each group. The mean was determined to find out the attitudes of students in the use of Filipino language.

         The general mean of Attitudes was correlated with the General Mean of the students Final Rating in Filipino I by using the statistical test –Kendall’s tau-b to know the relationship of the two variables.

         The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was also used to know if there’s a difference in attitudes and skills in Filipino among the Butuanon, Cebuano, Kamayo, Manobo and Surigaonon students


Based on the analysis of the data, the following results were given:

1. There was a relationship between the language spoken by the students at home in their attitudes on the use of Filipino language. The result shows that even if the students use a language different from Filipino at home, such language did not affect their attitudes in Filipino language.

2. There was no relationship between the student’s attitudes and their skills in Filipino subject. The result justified that the students’ attitudes in Filipino language did not affect their skills in Filipino Subject.

3. There was no difference in the skills in Filipino among Butuanon, Cebuano, Kamayo, Manobo and Surigaonon students. The result confirmed that even if the students use their own language/dialect at home their skills in Filipino subject were not affected.

4. There was no difference in the attitudes in Filipino among Butuanon, Cebuano, Kamayo, Manobo, and Surigaonon students. The result showed that the students had the same attitude towards Filipino regardless of the language used by them at home.


Based on the results of the study, the researcher offers the following recommendations:

1. Teaching can have different bases other than the Final Rating of students to compare their attitudes in Filipino language.

2. A teaching demonstration on modern strategies and techniques on the teaching of Filipino will be very helpful in developing good attitudes among the students.

3. Seminars, group discussions, and workshops can also be helpful to improve the communication skills of students in Filipino,

4. In the conduct of future similar researches, include other students from different institutions for wide scope of comparison.

5. In the conduct of future similar researches, include the attitudes of administrators, professors, staff and other persons who usually meet by the students in school.

6. For further research studies, the following topics are recommended:

(a) Estratehiya sa Pagpaunlad ng Kahusayan sa Pagtuturo ng Filipino Bilang Asignatura,

(b) Kaugnayan ng Kahusayan sa Pagtuturo ng Guro at Kahusayan sa Pagkatuto ng Mga Mag-aaral, and

(c) Salik na Nakaaapekto sa Kahusayan ng Pagtuturo ng Mga Guro.



Anastasi, Anne. 1992. Psychological Testing, 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc,

Anderson, S. et. al. 1975. Encyclopedia of Education Evaluation. San Francisco: Jersey Publishers.

Belvez, Paz M. 1990. Gamiting Filipino Pagbabasa at Komposisyon, Quezon City: Rex Printing Company, Inc.

Birkmier, E. M. “Research on Teaching Foreign Language” in R.W. Handbook of Research in Teaching, Chicago.

Brown, Douglas H. 1980. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Englwood Cliffs. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Brown, D.R. & Holtsman, W.H. Survey of Study Habits and Attitudes. Form H. New York: The Psychological Corporation.

Carrol, J. B. 1973. “The Prediction of Success in Intensive Foreign Language Training”, in R. Glasser (Ed.) Training in Research & Education. Fittsburg PA: University of Pittburg Press 1962. pp. 87-136 Cited by E. M. Birkmier.

Downie, N. M. & Heath, Robert. 1987. Basic Statistical Methods, 6th Ed. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Ferguson, George A. 1989. Statistics in Psychology and Education, 6th Ed. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company.

Fraenkel, Jack R. and Wallen, Norman E. 1993. How to Design and Evaluate in Education, New York: McGraw Hill Inc.

Goldenson, R. M. 1975. “Attitudes” The Encyclopedia of Human Ppsychology, Psychiatry & Mental Health, vol 1, Garden City, New York: Doubleda & Co. Inc.

Gonzales, Andrew B. FSC. 1980. Language and Nationalism. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.

Halloran, J. D. Attitude Formation & Changes, Working Paper No. 2, New York: Humanities Press Inc.

Khan, S. B. and Weiss, J. 1973. “The Teaching of Affective Responses” in R.M.W. travers (Ed) Second Handbook of Research on Teaching, Chicago: Rand McNally & Co.

Lambert, W. E. et. al. “Attitudinal and Cognitive Aspect of Intensive Study of a Second Language” Journal of Abnormal & SocialPsychology, 1963 pp 358-368 cited by E. M. Birkmier, 1970.

Panganiban, Jose Villa. 1970. Isip, Wika, Damdamin. San Juan, Rizal: Limbagang Pilipino.

Slovin, Robert E. 1984. Research Methods in Education. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.

Sevilla, Consuelo G. 1984. Research Methods. Quezon City: Rex Printing Co. Inc.

Thorndike, Robert and Hagen, Elizabeth. 1995. Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Special Projects/Theses

Lim, Marilou S. 1996. Ang Kaugnayan ng Saloobin ng mga Mag-aaral sa Wikang Filipino sa Kanilang Kakayahang Pang-akademiko sa mga Asignaturang Itinuturo sa Filipino.

Pagute, Fortunato M. 1989. Ang Pagkakaugnay ng Saloobin at Kakayahan sa Filipino ng mga Mag-aaral sa Ikalimang Baitang sa Distritong Claveria, Sangay ng MIsammis Oriental, Taong Panuruan 1987-1988.

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